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Are you thinking to become a veterinarian which is one of the most popular choices for students across the globe? Know who is a veterinarian here …

A veterinarian is the person who provides medical care to animals, especially:

  • Pets

  • Zoo animals

  • Livestock

  • Laboratory animals

Besides involved in diagnosis and treatment, a veterinarian would also work as a researcher or help controlling the spread of diseases to mankind via food.

The work settings of a veterinarian will be one of the following:

  • Veterinary services industry

  • Colleges/universities

  • Medical and research laboratories

  • Federal, state or local government

  • Self-employed

  • Farms

  • Laboratories

  • Classrooms

  • Food processing plants

  • Slaughter houses

Job Description:

As a veterinarian, you would typically do the following tasks:

  • Examining animals in order diagnose their health issues

  • Diagnosing and treating animals for any medical condition

  • Treating and dressing wounds

  • Performing surgeries on animals

  • Testing for and vaccinating against diseases

  • Operating medical equipment like x-ray machines

  • Advising animal owners regarding:

    • General care

    • Medical conditions

    • Treatments

  • Prescribing medications

  • Euthanizing animals

How to Become a Veterinarian?

Educational Requirements:

As a veterinarian, you must hold the ‘Doctor of Veterinary Medicine (D.V.M./V.M.D)’ degree from any of the accredited veterinary colleges. In the United States, there are 29 colleges with this accreditation at present. This program would typically take four years to complete.

Despite the fact that a bachelor’s degree is not required for entering to the Doctoral program, almost all the applicants to the veterinary schools will have one. They would have taken science classes like:

  • Biology

  • Chemistry

  • Anatomy

  • Physiology

  • Zoology

  • Microbiology

  • Animal science

  • Math

  • Humanities

  • Social science

During the veterinary medicine program, the students would take courses on:

  • Animal anatomy

  • Animal physiology

  • Disease prevention

  • Diagnosis

  • Treatment

  • General business management

  • Career development

Licensing and Training:

In order to obtain a license, you must have completed an accredited veterinary program and have passed the ‘North American Veterinary Licensing’ examination.

The students enrolled in the veterinary doctoral program are suggested to do an internship or residency program while you are still working towards your degrees. These programs would teach you the practical skills thereby enhancing your employment prospects in the time to come.

Job Outlook and Opportunities:

The number of veterinary jobs in the year 2012 was found to be 70,300. The job opportunities for veterinarians have been projected to increase by 12% from the year 2012 to 2022. This rate is as fast as the median for all the occupations.


According to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, the median annual pay for a veterinarian was found to be $84,460 per year in May 2012 which equals to the hourly pay of $40.61.


Average Pay                                        :           $84,460

Education                                            :           Doctoral or professional degree

Number of Jobs, 2012                         :           70,300

Employment Growth from 2012 to 2022         :           12%

On-the-job training                              :           None

Work Experience                                 :           None