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Diagnostic Medical Sonographer

A diagnostic medical sonographer is the person who would make use of high frequency sound waves in a well known imaging technique called ultrasonography for the purpose of creating an acoustic window into the human body. These sound waves would bounce off of our internal organs and would return to a device which would transform them into real-time images of the interior parts.

The images that are being produced by the sonographers would help radiologists and physicians pinpointing the locations of problems in soft tissues. Some sonographers would even assist the physicians and surgeons during surgical procedures. The sonographers could work in a variety of settings like doctors’ offices to medical labs.

Job Description:

As a diagnostic medical sonographer, your roles and responsibilities would include the following:

  • Preparing the patients for procedures by taking down the patients’ history

  • Answering any questions about the sonography procedure

  • Preparing and maintaining diagnostic imaging equipments

  • Operating the equipments in order to obtain diagnostic images or to conduct tests

  • Analyzing the images and test results for checking the quality and adequate coverage of areas needed for diagnosis

  • Recognizing the difference between normal and abnormal images and any other diagnostic information

  • Analyzing diagnostic information in order to provide a summary of findings

  • Recording the findings and keeping track of patients’ records

  • Collaborating with physicians and any other members of the healthcare team

How to Become a Sonographer?

Educational Requirements:

High school candidates who are willing to become a medical diagnostic sonographer should take courses in the following subjects:

  • Anatomy

  • Physiology

  • Mathematics

The medical diagnostic sonographers would require a formal education like an associate’s degree or the post-secondary certificate. Several colleges and universities are offering both the associate’s and bachelor’s degree programs in sonography. In addition, several one-year certificate programs are also available. These education programs usually include the courses in:

  • Anatomy

  • Medical terminology

  • Applied sciences

  • Patient care

  • Physics

  • Instrumentation

License and Certification:

The diagnostic medical sonographers could earn certification by graduating from any accredited program and by passing an examination. The ‘ARRT’ is the agency which offers sonographer the opportunity to become certified. Sonographers could also earn certification via ‘American Registry for Diagnostic Medical Sonography’.

Few states in the United States would require the sonographers to be licensed and the requirements would vary from one state to another.

Job Outlook and Opportunities:

The job market of diagnostic medical sonographers has been estimated to grow by 46% from the year 2012 to 2022 which is much faster than the average of all occupations. Diagnostic imaging professional who is certified is expected to have the best opportunities in the near future.


According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics of United States Department of Labor, the average annual pay for the diagnostic medical sonographer is $66,410.


Average Pay                                        :           $66,410

Education                                            :           Associate’s degree

Employment Growth from 2012 to 2022         :           46%

On-the-job training                           :           None

Work Experience                               :           None